Bobby Doerr played 14 seasons in the majors, all with the Red Sox (1937-44, 1946-51), before retiring due to a back injury. The second baseman was named the Sporting News AL Player of the Year in 1944, the same year he led the league in slugging percentage (.528). In 1950, he tied Dom DiMaggio for the most triples in the AL with 11. He hit .409 (9-22) in the 1946 World Series to lead the Red Sox. Doerr was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1986. His jersey number was retired by the Red Sox on May 21, 1988.
Joe Cronin was affiliated with the Red Sox for 24 seasons as player/manager, manager, and general manager. He leads all Red Sox managers with 1,071 wins and managed the Red Sox to the AL pennant in 1946. Cronin compiled a .301 average in 20 MLB seasons and participated in 12 All-Star Games, six as a player. He holds the AL record for pinch-hit home runs in a season, with five in 1943. Cronin was the first modern-day player to become a league president and was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1956. Cronin's number was retired by the Boston Red Sox in 1984.
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Johnny Pesky -- No. 6
Known as 'Mr. Red Sox,' Johnny Pesky was officially associated with the Red Sox for 21 years as a player, coach, and manager. He compiled a .307 average in 12 MLB seasons. The right-field foul pole at Fenway Park is known as Pesky's Pole, named by former teammate and Sox broadcaster Mel Parnell. The Red Sox retired Johnny Pesky's No. 6 on Sept. 28, 2008, even though he has not been selected for the Baseball Hall of Fame, which had previously been a prerequisite for the club to retire a number.
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Carl Yastrzemski -- No. 8
Carl Yastrzemski played his entire 23-year baseball career with the Boston Red Sox (1961–1983). He won the Triple Crown in 1967, the same year he was named AL MVP. A seven-time Gold Glove winner, Yastrzemski once played 167 consecutive errorless games and tied the MLB record with a perfect 1.000 fielding percentage in 1977. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1989, receiving 95 percent of votes, the seventh highest in the history of voting at that time. The Red Sox retired his No. 8 on Aug. 6, 1989, after his Hall of Fame induction.
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Ted Williams -- No. 9
Ted Williams, or 'Teddy Ballgame,' is regarded as one of the greatest hitters in baseball history. The two-time MVP (1946, 1949) won the AL Triple Crown twice, in 1942 and 1947. He led the AL in batting six times, home runs four times, total bases five times, walks eight times and slugging percentage nine times. he was the oldest MLB player to win the batting title, batting .388 in 1957 at age 39. He won it again in 1958 at age 40. He holds the MLB rookie records for most walks (107) and RBI (145) and the Red Sox record with 17 grand slams. Williams was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1966. The Red Sox retired Williams' No. 9 on May 29, 1984.
Jim Rice -- No. 14
Jim Rice was an eight-time All-Star who played his entire 16-year baseball career for the Boston Red Sox. He was named American League MVP in 1978, the same year he led the AL in hits with 213. He led the AL in home runs in 1977 (39), 1978 (46), and 1983 (39). Rice was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2009. The Red Sox retired Rice’s No. 14 in 2009, after his Hall of Fame induction.
MLB Photos via Getty ImagesMichael Zagaris
Carlton Fisk -- No. 27
In 1972, Carlton Fisk was the first unanimous winner of the American League Rookie of the Year Award (.293, 22 HR, 61 RBIs). He was also tied for the AL lead with nine triples. He was a seven-time All-Star, including four games started. Fisk is the all-time Red Sox leader in games caught with 990. He was inducted into the Red Sox Hall of Fame on Sept. 8, 1997. Fisk will always be remembered as the player who hit the historic, 12th-inning, game-winning homer in Fenway Park off Reds pitcher Pat Darcy in Game 6 of the 1975 World Series. The Boston Red Sox retired his No. 27 on Sept. 4, 2000, the same year he was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.
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Pedro Martinez -- No. 45
Pedro Martinez is a three-time Cy Young Award winner and eight-time All-Star who spent seven seasons with the Red Sox. He went 117-37 with a 2.52 ERA with Boston. He holds franchise records in strikeouts per nine innings (11.0) and opponent batting average (.206) and has the best winning percentage in franchise history. His No. 45 was retired on July 28, 2015, two days after he was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.
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Jackie Robinson -- No. 42
Jackie Robinson was the first African American to play in the major leagues in the modern era. Robinson broke the baseball color line when the Brooklyn Dodgers started him at first base on April 15, 1947. He was named the Rookie of the Year in 1947 and was a six-time All-Star from 1949-1954. He was the NL batting champion and league MVP in 1949. He helped lead the Dodgers to a World Series title in 1955. While the only MLB team he ever played for was the Brooklyn Dodgers, his jersey No. 42 was retired throughout Major League Baseball on April 15, 1997.