Rio official: Security improving Rio shanty lives

A top Rio de Janeiro security official says the legacy of the

2014 World Cup and 2016 Olympics will be the peace and improved

services that added security is bringing to the city’s

long-deprived poor neighborhoods.

Jose Mariano Beltrame, secretary for public security in Rio,

told a sports and security conference in Qatar that Rio’s

three-year program has broken down barriers to slums that for

decades were essentially cut off from prosperous parts of the city

of 6 million people.

”We are changing the city, recovering the areas and also

installing police into those areas,” Beltrame said. ”Most

importantly, it is not only the police presence. The police are

doing the first intervention there. The police are creating

possibility to include these people into normal life.”

In 2009, city officials launched a ”pacification” program, in

which security forces clear heavily armed gangs from slums and

establish a police presence. The program in about 15 percent of the

slums serving 280,000 people so far aims to reduce violence in Rio

before the 2014 World Cup and 2016 Olympic Games, and improve the

lives of shanty town residents by bringing in basic services.

Beltrame said the project is already showing ”quantitative

results” including a drop in crime rates in the city. He said that

funding for the program extends through 2014 and he was confident

the gains would hold and result in a ”permanent legacy.”

”If we don’t have this, we will have less public security,”

Beltram said. ”The legacy we are creating has to start now.”

Drug factions began taking over slums in the 1980s, when the

cocaine trade heated up. Lucrative drug sales led to the

introduction of military-grade weapons. That fueled deadly

confrontations when one gang tried to take over the turf of

another, or when police went into the slums with their own


The Rio state government over the years either ignored the slum

violence or responded with unacceptable force when the killings

spilled into Rio’s rich neighborhoods. The pacification program has

been widely supported but raised questions over why it took so long

for authorities to act. There are also questions over whether the

program can actually reduce the drug trade.