Zanini Cineus, of Providence, was freed on personal recognizance after a not guilty plea to a larceny charge was entered on his behalf at his arraignment Thursday.
Police say the 33-year-old was wearing the jersey under his jacket when he was apprehended Thursday still in the vicinity of the hall of fame.
Police say the signed jersey is worth $10,000. The team says it had not been worn in a game.
Cineus's lawyer, Bill Galvin, declined to comment.
Brady's game-worn jersey was stolen out of the locker room after the Patriots' 34-28 overtime Super Bowl victory over the Atlanta Falcons in 2017.