Labor slaves, prisoners helping build WCup venues

It wasn’t a tough choice for convicted bank robber Chiquinho:

spend the day in a cell or make money out in the sun helping Brazil

build a 2014 World Cup stadium.

Former slave worker Nivaldo Inacio da Silva had another easy

decision to make: pick cotton for about $2 a day or make eight

times as much as a bricklayer at another World Cup venue.

The two are relishing their role in helping tournament

preparations that have otherwise invoked widespread criticism over

allegations of overspending and misuse of public funds.

Silva and Chiquinho, who full name is Francisco das Chagas

Queiroz, are some of those already being positively affected by the

World Cup, getting the opportunity of a lifetime because Brazil

will host football’s showcase event.

They are part of programs which help those with few

opportunities in the job market and take advantage of the World Cup

to give them a better chance.

”This is the best thing that has ever happened to me,” the

52-year-old Chiquinho told The Associated Press in a telephone

interview. ”This type of work gives us dignity, it gives us

something to look forward to in the future. If we do a good job

here, maybe the company will want to stay with us after we are set


Chiquinho has been in prison since the 1980s after being

convicted of bank robbery in the state of Minas Gerais. He will be

eligible for parole later this year, in part because his sentence

has been gradually reduced thanks to his work helping renovate the

Mineirao stadium in Belo Horizonte.

Chiquinho works as a cleaning supervisor at the Mineirao, where

other two dozen prisoners are getting the same opportunity to get

out of prison and work. In addition to placing them into the work

force, the program by Brazil’s National Council of Justice also

offers training courses to further facilitate their access to the

job market after they leave prison.

It has already helped more than 2,200 prisoners across the

country, and currently 59 are working in some of the 12 World Cup


Chiquinho and the other prisoners wake up at 4 a.m. every

weekday to make a two-hour trip from their penitentiary to

Mineirao, working until late in the day before returning. But there

is no complaining.

”Our life is getting better because of this chance,” said

Chiquinho, who also used to work inside his prison and currently is

even allowed to go to college. ”I’ll be able to say that I was

part of this World Cup, I’ll be proud to say that I was part of it.

This will be part of history.”

About 1,600 kilometers (1,000 miles) away in the western city of

Cuiaba, former slave worker Silva is also appreciating the chance

he’s gotten largely thanks to the World Cup.

He was lured into working at a cotton farm under conditions the

Brazilian government describe as slave labor. Many times he had to

sleep in the fields, didn’t have access to a bathroom or clean

water and was given food only sporadically. Silva said he had to

pick cotton and clean fields for two days to get a payment.

But when Silva and about a dozen other colleagues were rescued

from the farm – after one of them escaped and alerted authorities –

they were immediately enrolled in a program created by the labor

ministry of Mato Grosso state that trained and prepared such

workers to find decent jobs in the region.

Silva got a chance to help build the Arena Pantanal, which will

host four World Cup matches.

”We talked to the consortium of companies building the stadium

and convinced them that they could be using these workers after

they were properly trained,” said Valdiney Arruda, who is in

charge of the labor ministry program. ”They knew it was a good

opportunity and opened up spots for them. These workers studied and

now they have good housing and eat properly thanks to this.”

Silva is one of 25 former labor slaves now working at the Arena

Pantanal. He started as an assistant bricklayer, making more money

than he had ever made in life, and is already getting trained to

find a better-paying position in the near future.

”My life is completely different now,” the 44-year-old Silva

told the AP. ”A lot has changed. Now I’m making some good money,

I’m really happy. I’m helping build one of these stadiums and

hopefully one day I’ll be able to show it to my children.”

The companies using the former slaves said it was an easy

decision to accept these workers, because the civil construction

sector is struggling to attract labor.

”Because of this program, they will be able to continue working

in civil construction in the future,” said Simone Ponce, a

spokeswoman for the Santa Barbara and Mendes Junior consortium.

”The social legacy will be tremendous.”

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