The Saturday operation repaired a cracked fifth metatarsal in his right foot.
Images aired by the Globo T.V. network showed Neymar on crutches, boarding a private jet that flew him to his home in the coastal city of Mangaratiba in Rio de Janeiro state. It is unclear when he will return to Paris.
Brazil’s national team doctor Rodrigo Lasmar, who operated on Neymar, has said the player’s recovery would take up to three months.