A timeline of MLB’s drug-testing rules
Aug. 30, 2002 – Players and owners announce a collective
bargaining agreement that includes a joint drug program for the
first time since October 1985. The deal calls for a survey urine
test for banned steroids in 2003 and 2004, and if more than 5
percent of tests are positive in a year, for testing with penalties
to start the following year and continue until less than 2.5
percent test positive in two consecutive years combined.
Nov. 13, 2003 – MLB says between 5 and 7 percent of 1,438
anonymous tests were positive for steroids, triggering the start of
testing with penalties in 2004. A first positive test results in
treatment and a second in a 15-day suspension without pay or fine
of up to $10,000. Penalties increase to a 25-day suspension or fine
of up to $25,000 for a third positive test, a 50-day suspension or
fine of up to $50,000 for a fourth and a one-year suspension or
fine of up to $100,000 for a fifth.
Jan. 13, 2005 – Under pressure from Congress, players and owners
announce a new drug agreement in which first offenses result in a
10-day suspension, second violations in a 30-day ban, third in a
60-day penalty and a fourth in a one-year ban. Fifth violations are
subject to discipline determined by the commissioner.
Nov. 15, 2005 – Still under pressure from Congress, players and
owners announce a new drug agreement in which first offenses result
in a 50-game suspension, second in 100-game bans and third in
lifetime suspensions. Many stimulants are banned for the 2006
season. The deal is along the lines of what Baseball Commissioner
Bud Selig had proposed on April 30.
April 22, 2008 – Following the Mitchell Report on drugs in
baseball, players and owners adopt George Mitchell’s
recommendations that the drug program’s Independent Program
Administrator be appointed for a multiyear term, be removed only in
narrow circumstances and issue annual public reports. Random urine
testing is increased.
Nov. 22, 2011 – Players and owners agree to blood testing for
human growth hormone during spring training in 2012.
June 7, 2012 – Players and owners agree to add HGH blood testing
during spring training, during the offseason and for reasonable
cause. Random urine testing is increased, players suspended before
the All-Star game become ineligible for election or selection to
the game and collection rules are modified following the successful
grievance that overturned the suspension of Milwaukee’s Ryan
Jan. 10, 2013 – Players and owners agree to HGH blood testing
throughout the regular season and to have the World Anti-Doping
Agency laboratory in Laval, Quebec, keep records of each player,
including his baseline ratio of testosterone to epitestosterone.
The lab will conduct Carbon Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry (IRMS)
tests of any urine specimens that ”vary materially.”