Michigan city pinning hopes on new Nicklaus course

This city on the eastern shore of Lake Michigan is beset with

troubles: violent crime, racial strife, steep unemployment, and

neighborhoods dotted with vacant homes and businesses.

In short, Benton Harbor is no one’s idea of a vacation

destination. But local leaders are looking for hope from an

unlikely source: a huge luxury golf resort under construction just

a tee shot away from the half-empty downtown.

Supporters say the Golf Club at Harbor Shores could bring a

steady stream of well-heeled tourists, along with jobs, housing and

tax revenue. Opponents are skeptical.

Adding to the improbability of the project is the matter of

race. The resort dedicated to an overwhelmingly white sport is

taking shape in a town that is more than 90 percent black.

The centerpiece of the project is a new Jack Nicklaus-designed

course. When complete, the 530-acre resort will also offer 800

cottages, homes and condominiums; restaurants and shops; a boutique

hotel and spa; and deep-water marinas.

”Harbor Shores is not a cure-all. It is not a panacea for

everything that we have,” Mayor Wilce Cook said. ”I think it can

serve as an anchor. And we can use that to entice other business

and industry.”

For Nicklaus, the project is about giving a helping hand to

Benton Harbor, a town of 11,000 about 100 miles east of


”This whole golf course was set out from the start to change a

community. It had nothing to do with the game of golf, really. It

was changing the community through the game of golf,” he said.

The golf course and surrounding developments are owned by a

consortium of three nonprofit groups, which, according to Nicklaus,

intended to put all the money they make back into the


”To have that kind of project, where nobody’s profiting from it

except for the people who live here … that’s the important part

of it,” he said.

Tom Watson, who played an 18-hole charity exhibition round with

Nicklaus and fellow greats Arnold Palmer and Johnny Miller at the

course’s recent grand opening, said golf is an inclusive


”This game has been criticized as an elitist game. If you take

anybody of any walk of life, get them with a golf club in their

hand, and they get a passion for the game, it doesn’t matter where

you’re from or what you do, who you are, what color your skin is,”

Watson said.

Benton Harbor long has been considered one of Michigan’s most

economically distressed communities. It has lost about 15 percent

of its population over the past two decades. On any given night,

few cars and even fewer people travel down Main Street, where many

of the storefronts are vacant.

Since April, the city has been run with the help of a

state-appointed emergency financial manager.

The town was also scarred by unrest in 2003, when racially

charged riots broke out following the death of a black motorcyclist

during a high-speed police chase. Rioters burned down buildings and

attacked police.

Supporters of the resort say 20 to 30 million people live within

a half-day’s drive of Benton Harbor, and a significant proportion

in the coming years will come to play golf and shop at Harbor

Shores. They hope visitors also make their way into town to spend

money on Main Street.

Others are not as optimistic.

”It’s not an economic-revitalization program. Everyone knows

golf courses are going south. We don’t need another golf course

here,” said John Mann, a 60-year-old retiree from Kalamazoo who

attended an anti-Harbor Shores demonstration at the grand


Michigan already has more than 800 public golf courses, and many

have struggled during the recession. But supporters insist the new

course and surrounding development will only become more attractive

as the economy recovers.

Benton Harbor agreed to lease a portion of Jean Klock Park on

the shore of Lake Michigan to the Harbor Shores development team,

angering Mann and others who have fought plans for the course. They

claim it’s illegal for public park land to be used for private


Mann said the Klock family deeded the park to the city nearly a

century ago with the understanding that it would be set aside for

public use.

”That’s the way it should be,” he said as dozens of protesters

demonstrated in front of the entrance to the course. They held

signs reading ”Corporate Theft of Public Land” and ”Stop The


Few people dispute the aesthetics of the course, where lush

green fairways wind through wetlands and sand dunes along the Paw

Paw River within chipping distance of the lake. Not long ago, the

land was home to abandoned factories and industrial waste.

It’s not the first time a Nicklaus course has been laid over an

environmentally troubled site.

In Michigan, a Dearborn course called the TPC of Michigan was

built atop an old dump site. The course is now so well-regarded

that the Senior Players Championship was held there for years. In

Anaconda, Mont., the Old Works Golf Course sits on a former copper

smelter that once was polluted by toxic waste.

National golf officials have already given their stamp of

approval to Harbor Shores, which was awarded the Senior PGA

Championship in 2012 and 2014.

Nicklaus said he is proud to be a part of the project, which he

hopes will restore some stability and prosperity to Benton


”The community has come together and they said, ‘Hey, we want

to work together. We don’t want to just be the poor child on the

other side of the river. We want to build that and have it grow up

and be one great community again,’ which it was a long, long time



Benton Harbor: http://www.bentonharborcity.com

Harbor Shores: http://www.harborshoresresort.com