Expert questions makeup of Penn St. case charity

A second top executive at The Second Mile appears to be leaving,

as the charity founded by former Penn State assistant football

coach Jerry Sandusky gets more scrutiny about how it was structured

and run.

Katherine Genevose, the foundation’s executive vice president

and wife of recently departed CEO Jack Raykovitz, is no longer

listed as a staff member on the charity’s website.

The Second Mile announced Wednesday that some employees would be

laid off by the end of the year, but it didn’t give details.

Genovese and other representatives of The Second Mile did not

respond to questions about her status. Her apparent departure was

first reported by the Harrisburg Patriot-News.

Penn State University and Sandusky have faced most of the

scrutiny over allegations that he sexually abused boys he met

through the charity’s programs. He has denied the charges, saying

in interviews that he showered and ”horsed around” with boys but

never sexually abused them.

Sandusky is set to appear in court on Tuesday to face more than

50 charges that accuse him of sexually abusing 10 boys over the

span of 15 years. Investigators also have questioned whether

Sandusky used charity funds to ”groom” the boys with extensive


An expert on nonprofit governance said that in retrospect there

were some questionable aspects to the basic structure of The Second


Michael L. Wyland, who advises nonprofits as a partner in the

firm Sumption & Wyland, recently analyzed the charity in an

essay that appeared online in The Nonprofit Quarterly.

Wyland said he’d never seen bylaws that identify the ”founder”

as a corporate officer and member of the board’s executive

committee. The arrangement meant that Jerry Sandusky’s duties

conflicted with the powers of the board’s chairman.

While it’s not unusual for a founder to be the public face of an

organization, Wyland said that board members have a legal

responsibility to the charity, not the founder. Sandusky’s

extensive powers in the bylaws could have hindered such


Wyland noted that there’s even a term in the nonprofit world for

such situations: Founder’s Syndrome.

The size of the Second Mile’s board is also unusual. There are

36 people on the state board, plus more on regional boards. With

that many people, ”what tends to happen is the full board is not

really able to exercise its responsibility. It’s hard to have

dialogue,” Wyland said.

He also noted that Raykovitz, the CEO who resigned after

Sandusky’s arrest last month, is married to Genovese, the executive

vice president who is no longer listed on the charity’s


Wyland said that’s a management conflict-of-interest, as

Raykovitz would normally have been expected to review Genovese’s

performance and set her compensation. He noted that Raykovitz and

Genovese also had formal oversight of contributions, solicitations

and financial records.

”The combination of those things makes it very unusual for the

CEO and the spouse to have that level of control over income and

expenditure,” said Wyland, who added that such situations should

be avoided.

But Wyland said the tendency to blame Second Mile board members

may be excessive.

”There’s this temptation to say, they should have known. Well,

not always,” Wyland added, especially when someone involved with

an organization is making extensive efforts to hide the details of

their wrongdoing.

He also noted that a district attorney didn’t press charges

against Sandusky after investigating some complaints, meaning that

Raykovitz could have credibly believed that the allegations were


The Second Mile has hired Lynne Abraham, who served as the top

prosecutor in Philadelphia for nearly two decades, to help it

conduct an internal investigation to assess policies and make

recommendations regarding its future.

Meanwhile, a new poll suggests that the public has mixed

feelings about some people implicated in the scandal.

About half of Pennsylvanians surveyed for a poll released Friday

support the firing of Penn State football coach Joe Paterno,

although many say they still have a favorable opinion of him after

the child sex-abuse scandal that erupted last month.

The poll conducted by Connecticut’s Quinnipiac University found

52 percent of registered Pennsylvania voters surveyed supported the

decision of the Penn State Board of Trustees to oust the longtime

coach, with 43 percent opposing the move.

Paterno and school President Graham Spanier lost their jobs in

the wake of the Sandusky scandal.

Spanier didn’t fare so well in the poll. An overwhelming

majority favored his dismissal – 74 percent to 13 percent.

Begos reported from Pittsburgh.